Skip to content

Frontend vs Backend vs Full-stack Development

We’ve previously discussed many of the various languages and frameworks that developers make use of to create websites and web applications. What we will discuss today is the different roles within the development industry and how these particular responsibilities all meet and align to create the experience that users have when accessing a website or web application.

The three main types of developers you will find are Frontend, Backend and Full-stack Developers. Let’s discuss the main differences between them.

Frontend Developer

The area of a website that users interact with is called the frontend. The fonts, colors, drop-down menus, and sliders you see when browsing the Internet are all the result of a combination of HTML, CSS, and JavaScript that your computer’s browser manages.

Frontend developers are responsible for the code which represents what the user sees and what they interact with. The three fundamental languages that are required by frontend developers are HTML, CSS and JavaScript.

In recent times, knowledge of frameworks has become a necessity as development has evolved and it is quite common for frontend developers to make use of frameworks such as Angular, React and Bootstrap to name a few.

Backend Developer

What then makes a website’s front end possible? Where is all that information kept? The backend is utilized in this situation. A database, a server, and an application make up a website’s back end.

The technology that drives the many components that collectively allow the user-facing portion of the website to even exist is created and maintained by a back-end developer.

A backend developers role is to make a server, web application and a database all communicate with one another. There are many languages that a backend developer is required to accomplish this task such as PHP, Ruby or Python as a server-side language, .Net to create an application and MySQL or Oracle to manage a database.

When you access a website, servers send data to your computer or mobile device, which is then translated into the page you are currently viewing. Additionally, a back-end developer is responsible for the storing of your personal information into a database if you register for a website, as well as the retrieval of your data each time you visit the site and log in.

Full-Stack Developer

A Full-Stack developer is a combination of both the previous developers we just addressed. A full-stack developer will take on the responsibility of both these different developers, learning all the languages required to handle both the Frontend and Backend of a web application. You can consider a Full-Stack developer a jack of all trades.